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MORPHOLOGIC RBC ABNORMALITIES IN DOGS AND CATS – PART 2
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MORPHOLOGIC RBC ABNORMALITIES IN DOGS AND CATS – PART 2

We are continuing the last topic, where one important type of morphologic changes was missing. 😊 ERYTHROCYTE SHAPE Any variation in the shape of erythrocytes is called POIKILOCYTOSIS. When many different shapes are seen in the blood film, the general term is used. Otherwise we have more specific terms, and it is good to be...

MORPHOLOGIC RBC ABNORMALITIES IN DOGS AND CATS – PART 1
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MORPHOLOGIC RBC ABNORMALITIES IN DOGS AND CATS – PART 1

Microscopical assessment of erythrocyte morphology is an important clinical tool for diagnosing the cause of anemia and also some other disorders. Normal erythrocytes are circular discs with central pallor, which is much less prominent in cats than in dogs. Observing them under microscope, one should pay attention to their size, color, shape, structures in or...

ANEMIA – GENERAL DIAGNOSTIC APPROACH
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ANEMIA – GENERAL DIAGNOSTIC APPROACH

ANEMIA is a decrease in the red blood cell mass that results in decreased oxygenation of tissues. On complete blood count (CBC), it can be diagnosed by red blood cell (RBC) count, hematocrit (HCT) or hemoglobin (Hb) below the reference values. Remember, in some situations, normal values of individual animal can be above (sight hounds)...

PREPARATION OF BLOOD SMEAR
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PREPARATION OF BLOOD SMEAR

Blood smear is a valuable diagnostic tool for differential count of white blood cells and evaluation of pathologic abnormalities in leukocytes (toxic neutrophils, left shift, blast cells), erythrocytes (polychromasia, anisocytosis, inclusions, irregular shape, parasites) and platelets (macroplatelets, platelet clumps). But to get the relevant information from it, the preparation of the smear requires a proper...